he led captivity captive commentary
Clarify • Share • Report • Asked November 28 2014 • Winston Nathaniel 8Therefore he says, “When he ascended on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts to men.” 9Now this, “He ascended,” what is it but that he also first descended into the lower parts of the earth? In times past, when wars were fought between kings and kingdoms, the victorious king would have a parade within the dominion of the defeated ruler. “When He ascended up on high, He led captivity captive.” He came in, whatever that means, “He led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men” [Ephesians 4:8]. Both of these are mentioned in the story Christ gave about the rich man and a beggar named Lazarus. We cannot be certain about interpretation of these verses. Why would Jesus go to Hades/Sheol during this time. In Ephesians 4 it says, “8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men.” First, note the first 3 words of Ephesians 4:8 - "Therefore he says." Here Jesus speaks of the manner of death that He will undergo, specifically death on the cross. The phrase of “led captivity captive” in Ephesians 4:7-8 does not have any connection with the liberation of the Old Testament saints from Paradise. Next Sunday I shall preach on the grace gifts He pours out upon us from heaven [Ephesians 4:7-12]. Their act of willful disobedience took place during the time that Noah was building the ark. At this point it is imperative to understand one of the methods in which the King James Version of the Bible has been interpreted from the Greek. All Rights Reserved. 9 These are the generations of Noah: Noah was a just man and perfect in his generations, and Noah walked with God. While we are not told that Jesus went to hell, which is the future eternal destiny of Satan and those who have followed him, these verses imply that He did go to the temporary place of the souls of those who had died. Also the traditional meaning of this phrase, plus the previous verses (Judges 5:12 and Psalm 68:18), must be ignored. Glory to God! This word is translated by the Strong’s as: “a guarding…figurative of the place… a hold.” The Thayer’s simply calls it “a prison” and points out that the very same word is used by Paul in 2 Cor 11:23 when he states that he has been in prison (the jail or dungeon) more frequently than many of his peers. In order to establish that the phrase of “leading captivity captive” is referring to Jesus bringing the Old Testament believers out of Paradise and leading them into heaven, it must be, and can only be linked with the following series of verses in 1 Peter: 1 Peter 3:18-20 (KJV) First of all, it does not mention the gospel at all. The picture is rooted in the pub-lic triumphs of … This verse demonstrates the right of Christ to distribute operational gifts to the church as He deems fitting.. Verses eight and nine are the two most difficult verses in Ephesians to interpret. What I want us to focus on is the phrase in, And this is its essential meaning when Paul quotes David, from, Now, back to what Christ did between his death and resurrection. The enemy at this time was Jabin, king of Canaan. The main idea is, that he had achieved a complete victory; he had led all his foes captive. 9 (Now this, "He ascended" — what does it mean but that He also first descended into the lower parts of the earth? Thus "he led captivity captive". Then in the following verse He states: John 12:32 (KJV) This verse demonstrates the right of Christ to distribute operational gifts to the church as He deems fitting.. Verses eight and nine are the two most difficult verses in Ephesians to interpret. 7 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. In the above verses, we note that Greek Hades and Hebrew Sheol are used. This is a phrase that is found in two other books - both in the Old Testament. Upon the deaths of the disobedient, their spirits were sent to a place referred to by Peter (by inspiration of the Holy Spirit) as “prison.”. 8 Wherefore he saith, When he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. Who is "HE"? So if I were Peter trying to communicate the same thoughts, I could say that: “These spirits, who are now imprisoned and guarded, were previously preached to by the Holy Spirit. The other place in Hades was called "Abraham's bosom" (Luke 16:22). Next, after Jesus’ resurrection we find another verse that brings us to the revelation of how He publicly displayed His victory throughout the entire spirit realm. The Scriptures indicate that Christ descended into Hades before He went back to the Father, at the time of His crucifixion and resurrection and ascension. Jesus’ soul went to Sheol when he died in the flesh. Ephesians 4:8. Then a final question comes to mind: can we actually substitute the word “prison” (considering the precluded definition of what this word actually means in the Greek) for the word Paradise? So let’s reason together, and with the guidance of the Holy Spirit, examine these verses. Captivity Captive . When the apostle Paul mentions that Christ "led captivity captive," the very next verse (in Ephesians 4:9) says he does so in conjunction with his "descending into the lower part of the earth." Assuming that the word of God is correct (and it is) then Noah was a man who was “just and perfect in his generations.” He was a man who “by faith” and with “godly reverence built the ark.” He was a man who believed God regarding the warning of the flood, and followed the plan of God in plain sight of all of the inhabitants of the earth. In order to establish the suggestion that “led captivity captive” refers to Jesus taking the Old Testament saints out of Paradise and into heaven; it must be connected to other verses in the Bible which seemingly agree with what is suggested by men. And that is the way the New American Standard version translates it. The picture is rooted in the pub-lic triumphs of … The Greek word, Euangelion, which means to share the good news (gospel) is not used anywhere in this Passage. Using the rule of context, let’s connect this verse to the previous verse by identifying “judgment” as the subject. And Christ, then takes the believers in paradise and releases them from that prison. We need to let the Bible be its own commentary here. Assuming this is the correct translation, the host of captives are those who respond to the invitation to come out of the captivity and bondage of spiritual Egypt. This idea or belief is found in another letter by the apostle Paul, 8 Therefore He says: "When He ascended on high, He led captivity captive, And gave gifts to men.". This is where the questions about what Christ did between his death and resurrection come from. 18 You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts among men. The most popular interpretation of this verse states that when Jesus rose from the grave that He led all of the Old Testament saints, referred to as “captivity”, who were being held in Paradise, out of Paradise and into the open and loving arms of the Father in heaven, referred to as “captive.” I truly believe that Jesus did accomplish this task, but I cannot accurately and truthfully hold this verse as proof. This is actually a quote from Psalm 68:18, which reads, "Thou hast ascended on high, thou hast led captivity captive: thou hast received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them." The phrase of “led captivity captive” does specifically and exactly describes what Jesus did to Satan in demonstrating His total and absolute victory and Satan’s total and absolute defeat. It was an official proclamation of His triumph over evil, and that He had struck a death blow against all His enemies.
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