crates, and hipparchia
Favorinus, in the second book of his Memorabilia, tells a pleasant story of Crates. Hence he is reported to have said, “I made a prosperous voyage when I suffered shipwreck.” But others attribute this saying of his to the time when he was under Crates. Diogenes Laertius reports that she wrote some letters, jokes and philosophical refutations, which are now lost (see Diogenes Laertius, Lives of Eminent Philosophers, Vol. Hipparchia was a Cynic philosopher from Maroneia in Thrace, who flourished around 300 BCE. For as Euripides well says, “Simple and unadorned is the language of truth.” Only the liar and the dishonest man, he says, have any use for a mysterious and allusive style. This, according to some, occasioned their being called Cynics, because they were biting, and barked at all the world like dogs; and because they were ashamed of nothing, and held that every thing might be done openly without shame or reserve. Veuillez renouveler votre requête plus tard. Such jests, in fact, play the part of maxims and admonitions. The genuine disciples of Pythagoras and Plato and Aristotle are called sorcerers and sophists and conceited and quacks. [xvi], One day at a banquet he was reclining in silence and was asked the reason: whereupon he bade his critic carry word to the king that there was one present who knew how to hold his tongue. [viii] Demetrius. Edited by Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe. A genus of butterflies, Hipparchia (genus), bears her name. Nous utilisons des cookies et des outils similaires pour faciliter vos achats, fournir nos services, pour comprendre comment les clients utilisent nos services afin de pouvoir apporter des améliorations, et pour présenter des annonces. It follows then, does it not? Rather, if the wallet is full, that is how you will view it; and if you see that it is empty, you will not be distressed. One of the only philosophical couples known from antiquity, their relationship and their individual lives inspired future generations of Cynic philosophers and educated many people on the ideas of Virtue, Happiness, and Self-Reliance. [xii], Crates of Thebes | Diogenes Laertius, Book 6 §94, Metrocles of Maroneia was the brother of Hipparchia. It is difficult, or rather impossible, when we are swimming in luxury and pleasure not to think of what we are doing: and it is an idle pretence which some men put forward that they can take their fill of pleasure with their faith and purity and mental uprightness unimpaired. [xiii] Des tiers approuvés ont également recours à ces outils dans le cadre de notre affichage d’annonces. Did you know Moerichus of Corinth, Diogenes? Cra . For the same reason, Epictetus would tell you, that poverty is no such formidable thing neither: because he can produce the example of Crates the Theban to the contrary; who, when he disposed of all he was worth to the public, and said. Piety”? Hipparchia was the wife of Crates, a very popular Athenian philosopher.She was also notable for her brazen abandonment of her aristocratic upbringing for life as a Cynic. Several fragments of his thought survive. It is moreover a kind of sacrilege to give what belongs to the poor to those who are not poor. This jest would later be the cause of much satire, as in book 4 of Athenaeus' Deipnosophistae where a group of Cynics sit down for a meal and are served course after course of lentil soup. 6. He liquidated his property and gave the money to a money-changer, telling him that if his sons were philosophers he should give it to the people, but if not, to the sons themselves. He sold his whole patrimony for more than two hundred talents, which he put into the hands of a banker, and desired him to give them to his children in case, they proved fools; but if they had elevation of mind enough to be philosophers, he directed him to distribute the money among the citizens of Thebes, because philosophers wanted nothing: always excess and caprice even in actions laudable in themselves. [xxxv] The Parallel Lives by Plutarch published in Vol. English translation by W. R. Paton. He was the son of Ascondus, and was the heir to a large fortune, which he is said to have renounced to live a life of Cynic poverty in Athens. Diog . Universal History Publishing Company, 1900, The Ancient History of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Medes and Persians, Grecians and Macedonians: including a history of the arts and sciences of the ancients, Volume 2. He could not inure himself to the snarls and the wanton brutality of these men, although he could not but admire their protest—too severe though that protest was—against the soft licentiousness of Athens. “Master these, exulting in the disposition of the soul. Hipparchia fell in love with Crates, and developed such a passion for him, that she told her parents that if they refused to allow her to marry him, she would kill herself. He knew Cithaeron and the Eleutherae district were all devastated by the wars, and yet he must take only two servants with him - with five bowls and four cups of solid gold in his baggage, too. Hipparchia fell in love with Crates, and developed such a passion for him, that she told her parents that if they refused to allow her to marry him, she would kill herself. [xli], The wife of Crates, Hipparchia, must be mentioned in the list of Cynic philosophers. Crates and Hipparchia were a couple bound together by the principles and wonders of Cynic Philosophy.
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